Mining can be critical to achieving the development aspirations of many developing countries and remote regions.
Often, however, the local and national development benefits of mining operations have been limited, and, in some cases, the results have even been negative.
Historically, a focus just on mining company rights and the provision of government tax benefits, while giving limited attention to environmental, social and local economic issues, has limited the sector’s contribution to sustainable development. Working to overcome these concerns, governments, companies and communities increasingly recognize the need for a broader understanding of mining’s potential contribution to local and national development. Transforming this awareness into action requires building the capacity, knowledge and tools required for appropriate reform of government and company policies and processes.
IISD has been deeply involved in the development of a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) with the International Bar Association’s (IBA) Mining Law Committee. IISD was invited to join the core administrative group on this IBA project when it began in 2009. Since then, we have engaged with the global legal and business community to develop an approach based on a simple question: What would a mining contract with a developing country look like if one started from the perspective of sustainable development?
IISD has served as the secretariat to the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) since 2015. The IGF supports more than 60 nations committed to leveraging mining for sustainable development to ensure that negative impacts are limited and financial benefits are shared. It is devoted to optimizing the benefits of mining to achieve poverty reduction, inclusive growth, social development and environmental stewardship.
Seven ways new technology will impact the mining sector
More consultation, in-country study and analysis will be needed to determine the best policy options to address the challenges posed by new technology in the mining sector.Read More
Five Ways to Promote Mitigation and Adaptation in the Mining Sector
In the face of the climate crisis, there is an urgent need for the mining sector to adapt to the impacts of climate change.Read More
How Can Technology in Mining Protect the Environment?
Rapid advances in technology innovation, including automation, digitization and electrification, are fundamentally changing how the mining sector operates.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Ecuador
This report presents a Mining Policy Framework (MPF) Assessment for Ecuador, with a view to helping the government target its efforts in implementing its MPF.Read More
Commodity Trading: Understanding the tax-related challenges for home and host countries
Our report explores the role of metal trading companies and the potential tax risks their activity creates, as well as basic facts about the mineral and metal markets.Read More
How Can Blockchain Improve Sustainability in Mining?
Companies interested in sustainability and transparency are starting to use blockchain to trace materials back to their sources.Read More
Local Content Policies in the Mining Sector: Scaling up local procurement
This paper focuses on local procurement policies designed to boost the number of goods and services purchased by mining operations from local stakeholders.Read More
Is Vanadium the “Valyrian Steel” of the Energy Transition?
In Game of Thrones, a sword forged out of Valyrian steel is recognized for its unparalleled strength and light weight. It is this advantage that denotes it as one of Westeros’s most sought-after materials. In the real world, its equivalent just might be vanadium.Read More
Dead Batteries Deserve a Second Life
Batteries should be recycled, so the valuable minerals therein—including cobalt and lithium—can stay in the economy.Read More
Sustainability and Second Life: The case for cobalt and lithium recycling
Adopting recycling in the mining sector and in supply chains is essential to ensure the transition to a low-carbon economy is responsible and sustainable for the longer term.Read More